Auditory Verbal Therapy: Guide

Abigail Hitchins and Anita Grover | View as single page | Feedback/Impact



Each reference is number coded within the MESHGuide and listed below in that order.

You can download our full reference list here

  1. Estabrooks, W., MacIver-Lux, K., & Rhoades, E. A. (Eds.). (2016). Auditory-verbal therapy: For young children with hearing loss and their families, and the practitioners who guide them. San Diego, CA: Plural Publishing.
  2. Goldberg, D. M., Dickson, C. L., & Flexer, C. (2010). AG Bell academy certification program for listening and spoken language specialists: Meeting a world-wide need for qualified professionals. The Volta Review, 110(2), 129.
  3. Hitchins, A. R., & Hogan, S. C. (2018). Outcomes of early intervention for deaf children with additional needs following an Auditory Verbal approach to communication. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 115, 125-132.
  4. Rhoades, E. A., & Duncan, J. (Eds.). (2010). Auditory-verbal practice: Toward a family-centered approach. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
  5. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. (2019). Cochlear implants for children and adults with severe to profound deafness [PDF file]. Retrieved from
  6. Davis, A., Bamford, J., Wilson, I., Ramkalawan, T., Forshaw, M., & Wright, S. (1997). A critical review of the role of neonatal hearing screening in the detection of congenital hearing impairment. Health Technology Assessment, 1(10), 1-176.
  7. Consortium for Research into Deaf Education (CRIDE). (2017). 2017 UK-wide summary CRIDE report on 2017 survey on educational provision for deaf children. Retrieved from
  8. Clark, S. (2007). NHS newborn hearing screening programme centre annual report 2006/7 [PDF file]. Retrieved from
  9. Holden-Pitt, L., & Diaz, J. A. (1998). Thirty years of the Annual Survey of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children & Youth: A glance over the decades. American Annals of the Deaf143(2), 71-76.
  10. Stedler-Brown, A., & Yoshinaga-Itano, C. (1994). FAMILY Assessment: A multidisciplinary evaluation tool. In: J. Roush & N. Matkin (Eds.), Family centred assessment and intervention: Infants and toddlers with hearing Loss (pp. 133–161). Baltimore, MD: York Press.
  11. Fortnum, H., Davis, A., Butler, A., & Stevens, J. (1997). Health service implications of changes in aetiology and referral patterns of hearing impaired children in Trent 1985- 1993: Executive summary and synopsis. Nottingham, NG: MRC, Institute of Hearing Research.
  12. Ching, T. Y. C., & Wong, C. L. (2017).  Factors influencing child development outcomes. In E. A. Rhoades & J. Duncan (Eds.), Auditory-verbal practice: Family-centred early intervention (pp. 103–117).  Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.
  13. Yoshinaga-Itano, C., Sedey, A. L., Coulter, D. K., & Mehl, A. L. (1998). Language of early-and later-identified children with hearing loss. Pediatrics, 102(5), 1161-1171.
  14. Cole, E. B., & Flexer, C. (2016). Children with hearing loss: Developing listening and talking, birth to six (3rd ed.). San Diego, CA: Plural Publishing.
  15. Flexer, C., & Rhoades, E. A. (2016). Hearing, listening, the brain, and auditory-verbal therapy. In W. Estabrooks, K. MacIver-Lux, & E. A. Rhoades, E. A. (Eds.), Auditory-Verbal Therapy: For Young Children with Hearing Loss and Their Families, and the Practitioners Who Guide Them (pp. 23-33). San Diego: Plural Publishing.
  16. Sharma, A. (2013). Post-implantation developmental neuroplasticity. Plenary session presented at the 11th European Symposium on Paediatric Cochlear Implantation (ESPCI 2013), Turkey, Istanbul.
  17. Sharma, A., Nash, A. A., & Dorman, M. (2009). Cortical development, plasticity and re-organization in children with cochlear implants. Journal of Communication Disorders, 42(4), 272-279.
  18. Suskind, D., Suskind, B., & Lewinter-Suskind, L. (2015). Thirty million words: Building a child's brain. New York, NY: Dutton Adult.
  19. Sharma, A., & Glick, H. (2016). Cross-modal re-organization in clinical populations with hearing loss. Brain sciences, 6(1), 4.
  20. Hogan, S., Stokes, J., White, C., Tyszkiewicz, E., & Woolgar, A. (2008). An evaluation of auditory verbal therapy using the rate of early language development as an outcome measure. Deafness & Education International, 10(3), 143-167.
  21. Hogan, S., Stokes, J., & Weller, I. (2010). Language outcomes for children of low-income families enrolled in auditory verbal therapy. Deafness & Education International, 12(4), 204-216.
  22. Dornan, D. I., Hickson, L., Murdoch, B., & Houston, T. (2007). Outcomes of an auditory-verbal program for children with hearing loss: A comparative study with a matched group of children with normal hearing. The Volta Review, 107(1).
  23. Dornan, D., Hickson, L., Murdoch, B., & Houston, T. (2009). Longitudinal study of speech perception, speech, and language for children with hearing loss in an auditory-verbal therapy program. The Volta Review, 109(2-3), 61-85.
  24. Fulcher, A., Purcell, A. A., Baker, E., & Munro, N. (2012). Listen up: children with early identified hearing loss achieve age-appropriate speech/language outcomes by 3 years-of-age. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 76(12), 1785-1794.
  25. Rhoades, E. A., & Chisholm, T. H. (2000). Global language progress with an auditory-verbal approach for children who are deaf or hard of hearing. The Volta Review, 102(1), 5-24.
  26. Dornan, D., Hickson, L., Murdoch, B., Houston, T., Constantinescu, G. (2010). Is auditory-verbal therapy effective for children with hearing loss? The Volta Review, 110(3), 361-387.
  27. Percy-Smith, L., Tønning, T. L., Josvassen, J. L., Mikkelsen, J. H., Nissen, L., Dieleman, E., ... & Cayé-Thomasen, P. (2017). Auditory verbal habilitation is associated with improved outcome for children with cochlear implant. Cochlear Implants International, 19(1), 38-45.
  28. Lim, S. R., & Hogan, S. C. (2016). Research findings for AV Practice. In E. A. Rhoades & J. Duncan (Eds.), AUDITORY-VERBAL PRACTICE: Family-Centered Early Intervention (pp. 52-64). Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.
  29. Estabrooks, W., MacIver-Lux, K., Rhoades, E. A. & Lim, S. R. (2016). Auditory-verbal therapy: An overview. In W. Estabrooks, K. MacIver-Lux, & E. A. Rhoades, E. A. (Eds.), Auditory-Verbal Therapy: For Young Children with Hearing Loss and Their Families, and the Practitioners Who Guide Them (pp. 1-21). San Diego, CA: Plural Publishing.


Further Reading​ 


Akamoglu, Y., Meadan, H., Pearson, J. N., & Cummings, K. (2018). Getting connected: Speech and language pathologists’ perceptions of building rapport via telepractice. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities30(4), 569-585.

Behl, D. D., Blaiser, K., Cook, G., Barrett, T., Callow-Heusser, C., Brooks, B. M., & White, K. R. (2017). A multisite study evaluating the benefits of early intervention via telepractice. Infants & Young Children30(2), 147-161.

Blaiser, K. M., Behl, D., Callow-Heusser, C., & White, K. R. (2013). Measuring costs and outcomes of tele-intervention when serving families of children who are deaf/hard-of-hearing. International Journal of Telerehabilitation5(2), 3.

Havenga, E., Swanepoel, D. W., Le Roux, T., & Schmid, B. (2017). Tele-intervention for children with hearing loss: A comparative pilot study. Journal of telemedicine and telecare23(1), 116-125.

McCarthy, M., Leigh, G., & Arthur-Kelly, M. (2020). Comparison of Caregiver Engagement in Telepractice and In-person Family-Centered Early Intervention. The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education25(1), 33-42.

McCarthy, M., Leigh, G., & Arthur-Kelly, M. (2019). Telepractice delivery of family-centred early intervention for children who are deaf or hard of hearing: A scoping review. Journal of telemedicine and telecare25(4), 249-260.

Freckmann, A., Hines, M., & Lincoln, M. (2017). Clinicians’ perspectives of therapeutic alliance in face-to-face and telepractice speech–language pathology sessions. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology19(3), 287-296.

Hines, M., Lincoln, M., Ramsden, R., Martinovich, J., & Fairweather, C. (2015). Speech pathologists’ perspectives on transitioning to telepractice: What factors promote acceptance?. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare21(8), 469-473.

Hines, M., Bulkeley, K., Lincoln, M., Cameron, S., & Dudley, S. (2017). Telepractice for children with complex disability: Guidelines for quality allied health services.



Hearing First. (2020). Entrain the Brain: Optimise Listening and Spoken Language Outcomes for Children with Hearing Loss.

Thomas ES, Zwolan TA. Communication Mode and Speech and Language Outcomes of Young Cochlear Implant Recipients: A Comparison of Auditory-Verbal, Oral Communication, and Total Communication. Otol Neurotol. 2019;40(10):e975-e983. doi:10.1097/MAO.0000000000002405