
Identification  characteristic behavioursAll students need support with mathematical literacy. The characteristics listed below may indicate that a student needs help to overcome barriers to reading and writing mathematics. Not all students will exhibit all these characteristics. Students may experince barriers in writing, reading or talking mathematics and/or explaining their thinking processes.
Charcteristics of students who lack of fluency in mathematical literacy can include:
 struggling to interpret mathematical sentences
 struggling to write mathematical sentences, for example writing 'x' instead of ''; getting the order in notation wrong;...
 not remembering the meaning of mathematical words
 not feeling confident to explain and describe their thinking in mathematics
 confusing mathematical vocabulary with homonyms or with words with a nonmathematical meaning, for example in English confusing the words plane and plain, average, constant...
Numeracy can be described as:
'the ability to process, communicate and interpret numerical information in a variety of contexts.' (Askew et al., 1997)
Mathematical literacy can be described as:
The ability of a person to use reading, writing, speaking, listening to learn [the mathematics and mathematical thinking] they need/want to learn AND to communicate/demonstrate that learning to others who need/want to know. (adapted from Meltzer 2001, p16 quoted in Kersaint et al, 2013: 8)
References
 Askew, M., Brown, M., Rhodes, V., Johnson, D. & Wiliam, D. (1997). Effective Teachers of Numeracy (London, King's College London).
 Kersaint, G., Thompson, D. R., & Petkova, M. (2013). Teaching mathematics to English language learners (2nd Edition). New York: Routledge.
 Meltzer, J. (2001). The adolescent literacy support framework. Providence, RI: Northeast and Islands Regional Educational Laboratory at Brown University.
