Support for deaf children aged 0 to 5 years: Guide

Hitchins, A. Lewis, S. Holmans, A. Grover, A. Wakefield, T. Cormier, K. Rowley, K. Macsweeney, M. | View as single page | Feedback/Impact


Each reference is numbered where it appears in the mESHGuide.

  1. Niceorguk. (2009).  Retrieved 18th January 2017
  2. E. Cole, C. Flexer, Children with Hearing Loss: Developing Listening and Talking Birth to Six. San Diego, CA: Plural Publishing. (2015).
  3. D. Suskind, B. Suskind, Thirty million words: Building a child's brain. Dutton Adult. (2015).
  4. A. Stredler-Brown, C. Yoshinaga-Itano C, FAMILY Assessment: A Multidisciplinary Evaluation tool. In Roush J & Matkin N. (Eds). Family Centred Assessment and Intervention: Infants and Toddlers with Hearing Loss, Baltimore MD, York Press. (1994) 133-161.
  5. H. Fortnum, A. Davis, A. Butler, J. Stevens, Health Service Implications of Changes in Aetiology and Referral Patterns of Hearing Impaired Children in Trent 1985–1993. Report to Trent Health. (1997)
  6. T.Y.C. Ching, C.L. Wong, Factors influencing child development outcomes, in: E.A. Rhoades, J. Duncan (Eds.), Auditory-verbal Practice: Family-centred Early Intervention, Charles C Thomas, Springfield IL. (2017) 103–117.
  7. Consortium for Research into Deaf Education, CRIDE Report on 2017 Survey on Educational Provision for Deaf Children. (2017). Retrieved 23rd May 2018
  8. S. Clark, NHS Newborn Hearing Screening Programme Centre Annual Report 2006/07. (2007)
  9. C. Yoshinago-Itano, A.L. Sedley, D.K. Coulters, A.L. Mehl. Language of Early and Later Identified Children with Hearing Loss, Pediatrics. (1998).
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  11. M.P. Moeller, J.B. Tomblin, An introduction to the Outcomes of Children with Hearing Loss study, Ear and Hearing. (2015).
  12. M. Wilkins, D.J. Ertmer, Introducing young children who are deaf or hard of hearing to spoken Language: child’s voice, an oral school, Lang. Speech Hear. Serv. Sch. 33 (3) (2002) 196–204
  13. M.F. Hoffman, I. Cejas, A.L. Quittner, CDaCI Investigative Team. Comparisons of longitudinal trajectories of social competence. (2016).
  14. D.M. Hammes, M. Willis, M.A. Novak, D.M. Edmondson, L.A. Rotz, J.F. Thomas. Early Identification and Cochlear Implantation: Critical Factors for Spoken Language Development. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology. 111 (2002) 74-78.
  15. V. Colletti, M. Carner, V. Miorelli, M. Guida, L. Colletti, F.G. Fiorino, Cochlear Implantation at Under 12 Months: Report on 10 Patients. Laryngoscope. 115 (3) (2005) 445-449.
  16. B. May-Mederake, Early Intervention and Assessment of Speech and Language Development in Young Children with Cochlear Implants. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 76(7) (2012) 939-946.
  17. J.K. Niparko, E.A., Tobey, D.J.  Thal, L.S. Eisenberg, N.Y. Wang, A.L. Quittner, CDaCI Investigative Team. Spoken Language Development in Children Following Cochlear Implantation. Jama. 303(15) (2010) 1498-1506.
  18. N. Verhaert, M. Willems, E. Van Kerschaver, C. Desloovere, Impact of Early Hearing Screening and Treatment on Language Development and Education Level: Evaluation of 6 Years of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (ALGO®) in Flanders, Belgium. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 72(5) (2008) 599-608.
  19. O.B. Wie, Language Development in Children after Receiving Bilateral Cochlear Implants Between 5 and 18 Months. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 74(11) (2010) 1258-1266.
  20. C.M. Connor, H.K. Craig, S.W. Raudenbush, K. Heavner, T.A. Zwolan, The Age at Which Young Deaf Children Receive Cochlear Implants and Their Vocabulary and Speech-Production Growth: Is There an Added Value for Early Implantation?. Ear and hearing. 27(6) (2006) 628-644.
  21. J.G. Nicholas, A.E. Geers, Will They Catch Up? The Role of Age at Cochlear Implantation in the Spoken Language Development of Children with Severe to Profound Hearing Loss. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 50(4) (2007) 1048-1062.
  22. A.E. Geers, Speech, Language, and Reading Skills After Early Cochlear Implantation. Archives of Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery. 130(5) (2004) 634-638.
  23. Great Britain. Dept. of Health, Great Britain. Department for Education, Employment, & Great Britain. Home Office. Framework For the Assessment of Children in Need and Their Families. © British Crown Copyright. (2000).
  24. K. Davidson, C. Goodwin, D. Lillo-Martin, Language Transfer in ASL/English Bimodal Bilingual Children With CIs. Paper presented at: Theoretical Issues in Sign Language Research; July 2013; London, UK. http:// DavidsonGoodwinLilloMartin-final-3July2013.pdf. Accessed June 10, 2015.
  25. C. Yoshinaga-Itano, R.L. Baca, A.L. Sedey, Describing the Trajectory of Language Development in the Presence of Severe to Profound Hearing Loss: A Closer Look at Children with Cochlear Implants Versus Hearing Aids. Otology & Neurotology: official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology. 31(8) (2010) 1268.
  26. S. Lewis, M. Hostler, Some Outcomes of Mainstream Education. (1998).
  27. S. Hogan, The Auditory Verbal Approach in the UK: A 10 Year Audit of Outcomes for Pre-School Children in the UK. Oral presentation to British Society of Audiology Annual Conference, Coventry, UK. (2016). Retrieved from
  28. A.R. Hitchins, S.C. Hogan, Outcomes of Early Intervention for Deaf Children with Additional Needs Following an Auditory Verbal Approach to Communication. International journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 115 (2018) 125-132.
  29. W. Estabrooks, K. MacIver-Lux, E.A. Rhoades, (Eds.). Auditory-Verbal Therapy: For Young Children with Hearing Loss and Their Families, and the Practitioners Who Guide Them. Plural Publishing. (2016). 
  30. E. Remmel, K. Peters, Theory of Mind and Language in Children with Cochlear Implants. Journal of Deaf Studies. Deaf Education. 14(1) (2009) 218-236
  31. C. Yoshinaga-Itano, The Missing Link in Language Development of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children: Pragmatic Language Development. In Seminars in Speech and Language. 33(4) (2012) 297-309.
  32. A. Young, L. Green, K. Rogers, Resilience and Deaf Children: a Literature Review, Deafness & Education International. 10(10) (2008) 40-55.
  33. C.C. Peterson, K. O’Reilly, H.M. Wellman, Deaf and Hearing Children’s Development of Theory of Mind, Peer Popularity, and Leadership During Middle Childhood. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. (2016).
  34. B.J. Hardin, E.S. Peisner-Feinberg, The Learning Accomplishment Profile (LAP–3): Examiner’s Manual and Technical Report (3rd ed.). Lewisville, NC: Kaplan Early Learning. (2004).
  35. I. Zimmerman, R. Pond, V. Steiner, Pre-School Language Scales (5th Ed). Pearson: London. (2014)
  36. E. Semel, E.H. Wiig, W. Secord, Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals – Fourth Edition UK (CELF-4UK). London: Harcourt Assessment. (2006).
  37. C. Adams, R. Coke, A. Crutchley, A. Hesketh, D. Reeves, Assessment of Comprehension and Expression. (2001) 6-11.
  38. T.L. Hutchins, P.A. Prelock, L. Bonazinga-Bouyea, ToMI-2: Nationally-Normed and Criterion-Referenced Theory of Mind Assessment: Easy to Use Broadband Measure for Research, Diagnosis, Screening, and Treatment Planning. (2016).  Retrieved from
  39. A.E. Boehm, Individually Evaluate Basic Concept Comprehension with Boehm-3 Preschool. (2001)
  40. T. Humphries, P. Kushalnagar, G. Mathur, D.J. Napoli, C. Padden, C. Rathmann, S. Smith, Language Choices for Deaf Infants: Advice for Parents Regarding Sign Languages. Clinical Paediatrics. 55(6) (2016) 513-517.
  41. A.E. Geers, C.M. Mitchell, A. Warner-Czyz, N.Y. Wang, L.S. Eisenberg, CDaCI Investigative Team. (2017). Early sign language exposure and cochlear implantation benefits. Pediatrics140(1), e20163489.
  42. R.I. Mayberry, When Timing is Everything: Age of First-Language Acquisition Effects on Second-Language Learning, Applied Psycholinguistics, 28(3) (2007) 537-549.
  43. R. Campbell, M. MacSweeney, B. Woll, Cochlear implantation (CI) for Prelingual Deafness: the Relevance of Studies of Brain Organization and the Role of First Language Acquisition in Considering Outcome Success. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 8 (2014) 834.