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Co-occurring difficulties

Specific Learning Difficulties (SpLD) is an umbrella term used to cover a range of frequently co-occurring difficulties. SpLD affect the way information is learned and processed. They are neurological (rather than psychological), usually hereditary and occur independently of intelligence. 

A range of studies have indicated high levels of overlap between dyslexia and other SpLD. This has led to the assertion by Kaplan (2001) that ‘in developmental disorders, co-morbidity is the rule, not the exception’.

For information about neurodiversity and co-occuring differences, see - neurodiversity-and-co-occurring-differences and is-my-student-dyslexic?

For an overview of the most common SpLD, see what-are-specific-learning-difficulties?

Short talks on a range of co-occurring difficulties are freely available at dysTalk.

Other useful websites:

 The National Autistic Society

The Dyspraxia Foundation

 The Dyscalculia Centre

 Attention Deficit Disorder Association

The ADHD Foundation