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Definitions: Theoretical background relevant to technology facilitated social learning
Research evidence: Systematic literature reviews on the theme of technology facilitated social learning

The SAMR model

Substitution: a substitute for what you might do already, with no functional change.

Augmentation: improvement over what you did without the technology.

Modification:  significantly redesigning the task.

Redefinition: allowing you to do what was previously not possible.

SAMR model image

The SAMR model can be a useful tool for thinking about what technology use adds to learning. Some suggest that using technology for collaboration and individual inquiry may be key to the redefinition stage:

“Opportunities for teamwork and peer-assessment are evolving rapidly and present educators with an amazing opportunity to fast-forward through the stages of the SAMR model. Creating a file, sharing it with others for real-time feedback and then receiving it back for alterations will become the standard in education and beyond. Teams of students creating parts of a larger, multimedia presentation prepares them for the inevitable expectations and logistics of the modern workplace. Surely this is the best way to access the Redefinition stage?’ (Bambury).


Bambury, S. (n.d.)The Journey through the SAMR Model. [Blog] iPad Educators. Available at: [31 May 2017].

Puentedura, R., 2010. SAMR and TPCK: Intro to advanced practice. Retrieved February. Recuperado a partir de http://hippasus. com/resources/sweden2010/SAMR_TPCK_IntroToAdvancedPra ctice. pdf.

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