Key Teaching/Pedagogical issues


This column highlights the major pedagogical considerations when teaching mathematics. The research mentions a major factor stopping children achieving in mathematics is a  fixed mindset” i.e. a child’s belief, and that of their parents and teachers that they cannot achieve in this subject. In fact neurological research suggests that the capacity of the brain to learn is not limited by age.


This column references evidence recommended by contributing authors. 

Teaching approaches overview



Early Childhood Education/Early Years

Debra Laxton and Marilyn Leask with inputs from the MESH Early Years Editorial Board | View as single page | Feedback/Impact
Early Childhood Education/Early Years

Web links


Apps - recommended

With thanks to: Emma Goto, Lynne Berry, Alison Clark-Wilson, Cally Kuhne*

Overview from research

Resource packs

Songs/rhymes/games in the home language are a major resource. New songs and rhymes may need to be developed in some languages to help children learn in their new environment.

VSO use, where possible, tablets and associated software and charging kits. These will hold:

- videos of songs, rhymes, games plus

- talking heads explaining why and what about EYS education for those who cannot read the accompanying written materials.

Other resources:

Summary for trainers

You are welcome to download, adapt and translate this document for your context.

Summary for trainers

Open Invitation; please submit case studies

The examples here indicate that there is widespread acceptance of the importance of early childhood education through play, song, rhyme, physical activities and dance. These examples are provided not for copying but in the spirit of sharing ideas for the benefit of all. Please submit examples you know of to editorialteam@meshguides.org.


The importance of pre-school child development is widely recognized and all families are entitled to some free pre-school provision often in school or private nurseries.


Subscribe to RSS - VSO